11. The nationwide Archives sources for censuses
Search machines on web sites differ, and so they also can alter as time passes, however the National that is original archives never change. When you have a complete guide, you need to use it to locate a web page on Ancestry.co.uk or on Findmypast.co.uk, even though you have acquired it from yet another website, or from various other supply. This might be specially helpful whenever an individual may be located making use of title search using one site, although not on another, as a result of variations in transcription.
You might find census sources quoted in publications and articles, and you may should also understand how to utilize them if you’re consulting our online and hard-copy road indexes (see area 4.2).
A census guide has three elements that are main a division (page) rule, a set quantity, and an item quantity. The department and show codes for every census 12 months are:
- 1841 and 1851: HO 107
- 1861: RG 9
- 1871: RG 10
- 1881: RG 11
- 1891: RG 12
- 1901: RG 13
- 1911: RG 14
A piece may include a huge selection of pages, so extra information is needed to get the right spot within a piece. The census returns for many years follow a format that is single but you will find somewhat various plans for 1841 and 1911.
Census returns from 1851 to 1901
The extra refererence is just a folio quantity and (optionally) a full page quantity.
Each piece contains enumeration that is several with numbered pages. Later on, folio figures had been stamped at the top right corner of each and every right-hand web page, beginning at the beginning of the piece and continuing through all of the enumeration publications. Each folio represents the page where it appears and the following page since folio numbers appear only on alternate pages. Consequently a string, piece and folio guide allows you to find the right set of pages but a full page quantity may be included with the guide to spot a page that is single if needed, as with this instance through the 1891 census:
The nationwide Archives guide with this web page, through the 1891 census, is RG 12/1822, Folio 156, web web Page 5.
Both Ancestry.co.uk and Findmypast.co.uk provide a reference that is exact center for every single census 12 months.
The 1841 latin dating sites census
Each piece in 1841 is further divided in to books, therefore a reference that is full to incorporate a guide quantity following the piece quantity, as an example HO 107/1298/8. Each book then contains its very own group of folio figures.
The 1911 census
For the time that is first home schedules had been held, rather than being copied into enumeration books. Each piece represents an enumeration region, and rather than folio figures, each home includes an unique schedule quantity within the top right-hand part, in order that a guide is supposed to be in the format RG 14/26288 Sch 227.
Organizations and vessels don’t have routine figures, rather the information ended up being recorded straight into special enumeration books with numbered pages, as with past census years.
12. Censuses for Scotland and Ireland
Search and see the census returns for Scotland from 1841 to 1911 at Scotlandspeople (Ј).
Census returns for Scotland are nearly identical in structure to those for England and Wales, aside from 1911, when likewise detailed information ended up being collected but ended up being then copied into enumeration books like in past years, so are there no home schedules or enumerators’ summary books.
Indexes towards the Scottish censuses 1841-1901 are available on Ancestry.co.uk (Ј) and Findmypast.co.uk (Ј). Neither among these indexes has links to digitised pictures.
Regrettably, few 19th-century Irish census returns have actually survived; many had been lost once the Public Record workplace had been damaged when you look at the fire during the Four Courts in Dublin 1922. Just the 1901 and 1911 censuses survived, along side a tremendously number that is small of comes back. View digitised and indexed images associated with Census of Ireland 1901/1911 and Census fragments and substitutes, 1821-51 (including north Ireland) on the National Archives of Ireland web site.
13. Uk colonies and protectorates
Censuses had been additionally drawn in numerous colonies that are british exactly the same times like in the uk. Surviving documents among these will typically be located within the national nation of origin, and never when you look at the National Archives. The only exceptions to this are:
- Census of settlers and convicts in brand New Southern Wales and Tasmania 1828 in HO 10/21-27. These documents may be installed cost-free as Digital microfilm. a version that is name-indexed additionally online at Ancestry.co.uk ( Ј )
- Census of Surinam 1811 in CO 278/15-25. A number of the records come in English, nevertheless the bulk have been in Dutch
- Census (associated with the white populace just) of Barbados 1715 in CO 28/16
- Census of Sierra Leone: ‘population and liberated Africans’ 1831 in CO 267/111
- Census of Heligoland 1881 in CO 122/37
14. Other useful online resources
Access census street indexes within our internet Archive. These are archived pages that are no longer edited or updated as with all content in the UK Government Web Archive.
Learn about the fire that destroyed the 1931 Census for England and Wales, Channel Islands and Isle of guy. the Your Archives pages now held in britain Government online Archive.
Browse Vision of Britain for reports predicated on information from censuses as much as 1971, or look for census information associated with a city or region
Consult The on the web Historical Population Reports for online usage of the population that is complete for Britain and Ireland from 1801 to 1937 and considerable back ground information, including types of papers.
15. Further reading
Use our collection catalogue to locate a suggested guide list. The publications are typical for sale in The National Archives’ guide library. It’s also possible to have the ability to locate them in a neighborhood collection.
Go to the nationwide Archives’ bookshop for a variety of magazines relating to records that are census.
Search our blog sites for articles associated with the census.
Watch the movie Census records: an introduction, by Audrey Collins.