I found Helmut Schmidt’s decision very brave, she simply says
The terrorists around “Captain Martyr Mahmud” – as the leader calls himself – pilot the flight with the number LH181 to Rome first. There the passengers still have the hope that they will be released quickly. “When we took off there again, the tide turned. Then we already knew that the story is much worse than we think.”
The situation is escalating in Dubai
It continues via Larnaka in Cyprus to the Arabian Peninsula to Bahrain and Dubai, where the situation escalates. It is day three of the hijacking and the conditions on board are catastrophic. When the kidnappers are refused the fuel they need, Mahmud freaks out and threatens to shoot hostages. Four are picked, Diana Müll is number one.
But first Mahmud calls another passenger into the cockpit, only to send him back and fetch the 19-year-old. Pure psychological terror. “That was really sheer horror,” says Müll. She has to kneel in front of Mahmud, he kicks her in the head, then he stands her at the open door and holds the pistol to her temple.
“Then I knew it was going to end now”
“He said: I’m going to shoot Diana, 19 years old, from Gießen. Then he started counting. Then I knew it was going to end.” The young woman says goodbye to her family inwardly, looks at the sun and waits for the shot. “And then I just heard the tower shouting something. And I don’t remember anything about that.” The young woman collapses, but she survived.
The captain of the “Landshut”, Jürgen Schumann, was shot while the plane was being hijacked during a stopover in Aden. (Source: dpa)
At the next station, in Aden in southern Yemen, someone else has to die: the pilot Jürgen Schumann. Mahmud shot him in the aisle of the passenger area with a shot in the head because he did not return to the plane immediately after the landing gear had been inspected. The other passengers are forced to watch. “I was sitting right next to it. My whole feet were covered in blood,” says Müll. From then on there is pure fear of death in the “Landshut”.
We continue to the last stop of the bad trip: Mogadishu, Somalia. At this point, Diana Müll hardly believes that the drama will end well. “I always had the gut feeling that the government would never release the prisoners from Stammheim.”
Redemption on October 18th
On October 18th, five minutes after midnight, then redemption. Most of the passengers are asleep when there is a loud bang. Then everything goes very quickly. The GSG9, an elite unit of the then Federal Border Guard founded after the attack on the Israeli Olympic team in Munich in 1972, storms the machine. The liberation action lasts seven minutes. Three of the kidnappers are killed and one of the two women is seriously injured. All hostages survive.
Mogadishu hostages in Frankfurt / Main (Source: Heinz Wieseler / dpa)
At 12.12 a.m., Minister of State Hans-Jürgen Wischnewski, who also traveled to Mogadishu, can report to Chancellor Helmut Schmidt (SPD) that the campaign was a success. Schmidt already had his letter of resignation in the drawer in case of failure. The risk was great. There could also have been a blood bath among the hostages. After the liberation, garbage never asked itself whether the GSG9 mission was too risky from their point of view. “It was the way it was. I found Helmut Schmidt’s decision very brave,” she says simply.
RAF members take their own lives in prison
The liberation action ends the RAF’s fight for the prisoners of Stammheim. Andreas Baader, Gudrun Ensslin and Jan-Carl Raspe took their own lives on the night of October 18. Irmgard Möller survives her suicide attempt, seriously injured. The next day, the body of the murdered Hanns Martin Schleyer was found in the trunk of a car in Alsace.
Diana Müll never let go of the memories of the terrible days in autumn 1977. “That will last until the end of my life,” she says. To this day she has a strange feeling when she gets on a plane. “When the first one gets up who looks weird, my face becomes completely white,” she says.
Reunion with the “Landshut”
Ten years ago the 59-year-old started to write a book that has now been published by riva Verlag under the title “Mogadishu”. She has decided to keep the memories alive. Through the book and lectures, maybe in the future in the “Landshut” too. The Boeing 737, which had meanwhile been scrapped in Brazil, was brought back to Germany in a huge Tupolev transport plane at the end of September. In Friedrichshafen on Lake Constance, it is to be exhibited in the Dornier Museum. Diana Müll was with the landing. “It was pure goose bumps. That was really gigantic,” she says.
Jürgen Vietor (left) former co-pilot of the “Landshut”, Diana Müll, who was on board as a passenger during the hijacking, and Gabriele von Lutzau (right) a former stewardess in the “Landshut” stand at the airport on September 23, 2017 from Friedrichshafen in a Russian transport plane, in which the hull of the former Lufthansa plane “Landshut” is located. (Source: dpa)
And what is the terror of today doing to her? The attack on September 11, 2001, when two passenger planes were steered into the World Trade Center in New York and one into the Pentagon in Washington, was a déjà vu for them. “I’ve often compared that to our abduction. I couldn’t go to work for days.”
40 years after the terror autumn: The ” Landshut ” is back in Germany
The attacks by the terrorist organization Islamic State (IS) in Germany are, however, something else for them. It’s all much more arbitrary than it was then, she says. “I don’t associate that with my story at all because it’s a completely different terror.”
Hanover (AP) – More than three years after the start of the public search for three ex-RAF terrorists because of a series of attacks in northern Germany, the investigators are empty-handed.
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“The main problem for the prosecution is that we do not know where the three wanted are,” said Chief Public Prosecutor Marcus Röske in Verden. There is no new trace of the ex-terrorists Ernst-Volker Staub (65), Burkhard Garweg (50) and Daniela Klette (61). The Verden public prosecutor’s office will conduct collective proceedings in future to investigate all the attacks that the trio is accused of. The first to report about it was “Spiegel”.
Garweg, Klette and Staub belong to the so-called third generation of the RAF. Several murders are said to go to her account, for example of Deutsche Bank boss Alfred Herrhausen (1989) and Treuhand boss Detlev Karsten Rohwedder (1991). So far, the investigators had assumed twelve robberies that the former members of the Red Army Faction allegedly carried out to earn a living since 1999.
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When the proceedings were bundled in January 2019, the locally responsible public prosecutor’s offices did not see sufficient suspicion of the RAF trio in three of the twelve cases, said Röske. As the “Spiegel” reports, the attacks on supermarkets in Celle (2011), Stade (2012) and Osnabrück (2015) are excluded from the list of alleged RAF attacks. From the point of view of the Lower Saxony State Criminal Police Office, however, various circumstances continue to suggest that the trio is also responsible for the three attacks mentioned. The local public prosecutor’s offices would have to clarify whether a crime can be proven.
After decades underground, the three wanted left-wing terrorists were again targeted by the police after a robbery on a money transporter in June 2016 in Stuhr near Bremen. Fingerprints were found of the three after the fact. The search was then carried out in northern Germany, in the Netherlands, wherever there was a trace, as well as in Spain, France and Italy.
Another hypothesis in the search is that the three could have been provided with papers and other identities by the GDR State Security; there is no concrete clue. The LKA officially only announces that the historical connections between the State Security and the RAF have been known for a long time. At least ten RAF members with new identities lived undisturbed in the GDR until the fall of the Berlin Wall.
Cremlingen (dpa) – Three ex-RAF terrorists living underground may have struck again: After a heavily armed attack on a money transporter in the Wolfenbüttel district in Lower Saxony, investigators are investigating connections with previous robberies by the criminal trio.
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The circumstances of the act and the processes are similar, the number of perpetrators is the same, said the Wolfenbüttel police spokesman, Frank Oppermann, on Sunday. However, there is still no conclusive evidence.
Armed with a bazooka and an automatic rifle, three strangers attacked the money transporter in Cremlingen near Braunschweig on Saturday. According to information from “Bild”, the perpetrators are the ex-RAF terrorists Ernst-Volker Staub (61), Burkhard Garweg (47) and Daniela Klette (57). The amount of the booty was initially unclear.
Two masked perpetrators – a woman and a man – had threatened the driver in an industrial park with a bazooka and an automatic rifle, the police reported. It was shot against the car and in the air. Previously, two cars wedged the van after the passenger got out to pick up a store’s daily earnings. A third perpetrator asked for money in the shop and shot there in the ceiling.
At the beginning of June, the State Criminal Police Office and the investigating public prosecutor’s office in Verden announced that the people who went into hiding, Staub, Garweg and Klette, have carried out at least eight robberies since 2011, seven of them in Lower Saxony. In the process, up to 400,000 euros fell into their hands.
Originally, the three were wanted because of a bomb attack in 1993 on the penal institution Weiterstadt in Hesse. This attack on the prison, which had not yet opened, was the last terrorist attack by the RAF before it was dissolved. The damage was then estimated at around 100 million marks.
After those wanted had attacked a money transporter in Stuhr near Bremen at the beginning of June 2015, the Verden public prosecutor took over the investigation. The trio had taken no prey in this raid.
It is not known whether and how close the target investigators of the Lower Saxony police, who have been working for months, are on the trio’s heels. Lower Saxony’s Interior Minister Boris Pistorius (SPD) emphasized at the beginning of June that success can be expected.
“In my estimation, it is a matter of time before they are caught, because now the network is really pulling closer together,” said the minister at the time of the “Neue Osnabrücker Zeitung”. The manhunt is not easy because the three perpetrators were absolutely professional.
It is possible that the trio could access a network of supporters, be it from the sympathizer scene or for money. It is unclear whether the three lived without papers or with false identities. “Both are conceivable,” said Pistorius. “This is pure speculation.”
Overweight is not always to blame for fat legs. It can also be lymphedema that leads to the unsightly swelling. In order to be able to treat these successfully, they must be recognized in good time.
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Painful swelling of the legs and arms
Lymphedema is not only a problem because of its unaesthetic appearance. The unsightly swellings that usually appear on the arms and legs can also be very painful. They also often restrict mobility – in extreme cases so much that those affected become unable to work. It is estimated that one to two million people have lymphedema, especially women.
When the lymphatic system stops working
The reason for the swelling is a malfunction of the lymphatic system, which is mainly responsible for the transport of dead cells, fats and also germs. The transport fluid, the so-called lymph, is filtered in the lymph nodes and returned to the bloodstream. If the system is disturbed, lymph fluid can accumulate in the tissue – lymphedema develops.
At first there is tension in the skin
At first, those affected only see the swelling and feel the tension in the skin. “But the symptoms are not specific to lymphedema, they can also occur with other types of edema,” explains physician Wilfried Jungkunz, a specialist in skin and vascular diseases from Friedberg (Hessen). Only in the advanced stage does the connective tissue increase and harden. This so-called fibrosclerosis can be detected by ultrasound examination or by targeted palpation. Often, lymphedema occurs asymmetrically, sometimes only on one part of the body.
Mostly women are affected
A distinction is made between two forms of lymphedema. The primary form is either congenital or arises at a young age. Women are predominantly affected. “It can occur at any age, but mostly after puberty, sometimes well after,” says the doctor who has been working in clinical dermatolymphology since 1989. Secondary lymphedema also occurs more often, but not only, in women. It can result from injuries, venous diseases or surgery.
Lymphedema cannot be cured
Complete healing is impossible. However, the right therapy can prevent rapid progression. “The optimal combination of manual lymph drainage (MLD) and compression bandages, which are prescribed by the doctor,” says Birgit Kienle from the German Association for Physiotherapy in Cologne. With MLD, the lymph flow is stimulated, the fluid can increasingly be moved out of the tissue and transported away.
Jungkunz is also convinced of the effectiveness of the MLD. It has to be part of a complex physical decongestion therapy.